- What is the average cost to build a house in Malaysia?
- What factors affect the cost of building a house in Malaysia?
- How much does it cost per square foot to build a house in Malaysia?
- Is it cheaper to buy or build a house in Malaysia?
- What is the cost breakdown for building a house in Malaysia?
- How can I reduce the cost of building a house in Malaysia?
- What is the cost of building materials in Malaysia?
- How long does it take to build a house in Malaysia?
- What are the financing options available for building a house in Malaysia?
- How do I find a reliable contractor to build my house in Malaysia?
What is the average cost to build a house in Malaysia?
The average cost to build a house in Malaysia can vary greatly depending on factors such as location, size of the house, types of materials used, and additional amenities. However, most industry experts estimate the average cost to be between RM200 to RM500 per square foot.
This means that for a moderately sized terrace house of 1,600 square feet, you can expect to pay RM320,000 to RM800,000. For a semi-detached house of 2,000 square feet, the cost would be RM400,000 to RM1,000,000. The cost is higher for bungalows, townhouses, and luxury homes.
Here is a breakdown of the typical costs to build common house types in Malaysia:
- Terrace house (1,600 sq ft) – RM320,000 to RM800,000
- Semi-detached house (2,000 sq ft) – RM400,000 to RM1,000,000
- Bungalow (3,000 sq ft) – RM600,000 to RM1,500,000
- Townhouse (2,500 sq ft) – RM500,000 to RM1,250,000
- Luxury bungalow (5,000+ sq ft) – RM1 million to RM5 million+
The cost per square foot in key city centres like Kuala Lumpur and Penang is often on the higher end of the range due to prime locations and higher land values. Suburban areas and small towns will be on the lower end.
Some main factors that influence the construction cost in Malaysia:
- Location – Land in major cities and developed areas costs more
- Size of the house – Larger homes cost more to build
- Types of materials – Premium materials like marble and imported tiles add to cost
- Finishes and fittings – Luxury fittings and branding increase costs
- Additional amenities – Pools, landscaping, home automation systems add cost
- Labour costs – Higher demand for workers can increase labour costs
- Logistics – Remoteness and access to materials affects transport costs
Understanding these cost factors allow you to make an informed budget when planning your dream home. You can also save on costs by designing a practical layout, minimalist aesthetics, and using local materials.
What factors affect the cost of building a house in Malaysia?
There are several key factors that influence the cost of building a house in Malaysia:
The location of the land is one of the biggest cost determinants. Land prices are significantly higher in major city centres like Kuala Lumpur, Penang, and Johor Bahru compared to the outskirts and suburban areas. Prime locations also command higher premiums. This means construction cost per square foot can be RM50 to RM100 more just based on the location.
The size of your land will affect the total construction cost. Larger land areas allow bigger home designs but also mean higher foundation and infrastructure costs. Limited land area in prime locations means building upwards for multi-storey homes.
The size of your home measured by square footage is directly proportional to the overall building cost. A simple 2 bedroom 800 sq ft terrace will cost much less than a 5,000 sq ft luxury bungalow. Building larger spaces, rooms, and multiple floors adds to material and labour costs.
Using premium materials like granite, marble, or imported tiles and fittings will elevate the cost compared to locally sourced materials. Timber, brick and concrete structures are cheaper than steel and glass. The finishing and fittings chosen also affect cost.
Local construction labour in Malaysia is still considered affordable but shortage of workers in recent years has led to some increase in labour costs. Foreign labour import also adds to cost. Highly skilled craftsmen charge premium rates.
Permits and compliance
Navigating regulations, getting approvals and permits before construction adds to administrative fees. Compliance with building standards and requirements also add to costs. Environmental impact assessments may be required too.
For remote areas, transportation of construction materials can increase building costs. Locations far from supplies of sand, stone, wood etc can mean higher logistics expenses to transport raw materials.
Adding features like a swimming pool, landscape gardens, electrical fencing and surveillance systems will all increase the construction budget. Luxury fixtures, smart home systems and high-end branding elements also raise costs.
Having a 10-20% contingency budget for cost overruns due to unforeseen events or spikes in material costs is recommended. Weather delays, planning changes and poor estimation can be covered by the contingency funds.
The reputation, experience, overhead costs and profit margins of your chosen construction company influence pricing. Get multiple quotes to find the best value. New contractors may offer cheaper pricing compared to established firms.
By understanding the key cost drivers, you can make adjustments to create a home construction budget that balances your lifestyle needs with financial resources.
How much does it cost per square foot to build a house in Malaysia?
When budgeting to build a house in Malaysia, a useful benchmark to know is the typical cost per square foot of construction. This provides an average estimate that you can use for initial planning and calculating the overall budget needed.
The typical cost per square foot for building a house in Malaysia ranges between RM200 to RM500.
However, this cost per square foot varies significantly based on these factors:
- Location of the land
- Type and size of the house
- Quality of materials and fittings
- Additional structures and amenities
- Labour costs
- Logistics and accessibility
Here is a breakdown of the typical cost per square foot to build different types of homes:
- Terrace house – RM250 to RM350 per sq ft
- Semi-detached house – RM300 to RM400 per sq ft
- Bungalow – RM350 to RM650 per sq ft
- Townhouse – RM400 to RM500 per sq ft
- High-end bungalow – RM550 to RM1,200+ per sq ft
Key Locations and Average Cost per Square Foot
- Kuala Lumpur – RM380 to RM650 per sq ft
- Penang Island – RM350 to RM600 per sq ft
- Johor Bahru – RM250 to RM480 per sq ft
- Selangor – RM200 to RM450 per sq ft
- Melaka – RM200 to RM400 per sq ft
- Sabah & Sarawak – RM180 to RM350 per sq ft
As you can see, property in Kuala Lumpur and Penang Island commands a much higher cost per square foot compared to other regions of Malaysia. Luxe bungalows and mansions may even breach RM1,000 psf in prime KL addresses.
If your land is in an isolated rural area away from amenities, you could build at RM180 to RM250 psf or lower. A basic steel industrial building would only cost RM120 to RM150 psf on average.
Factors that increase the cost per square foot:
- Prime locations like city centres
- Luxury materials like marble, glass, timber
- Building larger homes with more floors
- Swimming pools, landscape gardens
- High-end smart home systems
- Guardhouses and fencing
Factors that decrease the cost per square foot:
- Outlying suburbs and small towns
- Concrete, brick and locally sourced materials
- Compact and practical layouts
- Basic fittings and minimalist aesthetics
- No swimming pool or gardens
- Semi-furnished units with DIY finishing
The cost per square foot rate gives a quick benchmark, but the total budget will depend on the size and design of your actual home. Prepare for this budget to also increase by 10-20% for contingencies, changes and delays during the construction phase.
Is it cheaper to buy or build a house in Malaysia?
For new homeowners in Malaysia, a common question is whether it is cheaper in the long run to buy an existing house or to build a new one. There are pros and cons to each option in terms of upfront costs, long term costs, customization, and intangible value. Here is an overview of the key considerations when deciding whether to buy or build.
Building a new house often requires higher upfront costs but with the advantage of customization. Based on current property prices, building a 2,000 sq ft terrace or semi-D costs RM400k to RM1mil. An equivalent completed home would cost RM600k to RM1.5mil. However, buyers may get better loan rates and payment packages when buying completed stock.
Building gives full customization over design, layout, fittings, materials, landscaping etc. Buying means compromising on some preferences or doing major renovation. However, buying may allow moving in faster without the hassles of construction.
Building allows installing higher quality materials, fixtures and systems that require less maintenance over time. Buying an older property may require heavy future costs for repairs and upgrades. But building requires paying interest on larger loan amounts.
Well-built newer properties on ideal locations tend to see higher capital appreciation over time. But overly customized homes may appeal to a smaller target market when reselling. Landed property generally holds value well if maintained properly.
Some homeowners prefer the satisfaction and legacy value of building their dream home from scratch. But the time, complexities and delays of construction may deter others from building.
Key Factors Favoring Buying
- Completed properties allow faster occupancy
- Requires smaller loan amount at potentially lower rate
- Avoids hassles and delays of construction
- May find better bargains during weak property markets
Key Factors Favoring Building
- Full customization of design and fittings
- Potentially higher quality materials and fixtures
- Lower maintenance costs over the long term
- Higher future capital appreciation
Overall, building a house allows ultimate flexibility and quality control but requires more upfront capital and a 1 to 2 year construction timeline. Buying a completed property provides faster occupancy and potentially cheaper financing but less customization. Assess your priorities, budget, location needs and lifestyle to decide between buying or building in Malaysia.
What is the cost breakdown for building a house in Malaysia?
When budgeting to build a house in Malaysia, it is helpful to know the typical percentage breakdown of the major construction cost components. This allows you to allocate sufficient funds to each important category and avoid budget overruns later.
Here is an overview of the typical cost breakdown to build a 2-storey terrace house:
|Percent of Total Cost
|1. Land cost
|2. Professional fees
- Architect fees
- Engineer fees
- Surveyor fees
- Legal fees 3. Construction & materials | 50-60%
- Foundation & structure
- Brickwork, plastering, tiling
- Carpentry, roofing, painting
- Plumbing, electrical wiring
- Doors, windows, sanitary fittings
- Wall, ceiling & floor finishes 4. Contingencies & variation | 10-15% 5. Authority approvals & permits | 1-2% 6. Interior fittings & furnishings | 5-10%
- Kitchen cabinets & appliances
- Bathroom fittings & accessories
- Light fixtures, fans, wardrobes
- Air-conditioners, security system
This breakdown can vary based on the size and type of home, level of fittings, cost of materials and location.
For a basic terrace house below RM500k, the construction cost may be 50-55% of total. For a high-end bungalow above RM2 million, the percentage for fittings and finishing may be 15-20%.
Let’s see how this cost breakdown applies to a real-world example:
2-Storey Semi-detached House
- Built up size: 2,400 sq ft
- Location: Selangor
- Cost per sq ft: RM300
- Total budget: RM720,000 (2400 sq ft x RM300)
- Land (15%) = RM108,000
- Professional fees (7%) = RM50,400
- Construction & materials (55%) = RM396,000
- Contingencies (12%) = RM86,400
- Authority approvals (1%) = RM7,200
- Fittings & furnishings (10%) = RM72,000
Having a budget allocation for each major component allows you to plan, manage cashflows, and track spending more effectively during the construction journey. Adjust the percentages according to your specific home design, location, and quality of materials chosen.
How can I reduce the cost of building a house in Malaysia?
Building a house in Malaysia can be very costly, with the average price ranging from RM200 to RM500 per square foot depending on location and specifications. However, there are ways to reduce your construction budget through smart design and material choices.
Here are some tips to build a house in Malaysia at a lower cost:
Pick an affordable location
Land prices can vary greatly depending on proximity to major cities and developed areas. Opting for land in outer suburbs or small towns can immediately reduce your base cost compared to prime locations. However, factor in future convenience and amenities nearby.
Reduce overall size
Build a more compact home with open layouts that minimise corridors and partition walls. For example, combining the dining and living areas creates efficiency. Go for single-storey or small two-storey designs to reduce building footprint.
Use local construction materials
Imported materials like high-end tiles and fittings can be very costly. Using bricks, ready-mix concrete and locally sourced wood and stone help lower material expenses. Factory manufactured roofing, windows and precast elements are budget-friendly too.
Design simple, functional spaces
Avoid intricate architectural details and curved walls which require complex framing and finishing. Square or rectangular grids and layouts simplify the construction process and trim labour time. Focus on functionality over form.
Minimise basement levels
Excavation and waterproofing for basements can add substantially to structural costs. Avoid large basements and keep all spaces at ground level or above.
Opt for homogenous floor and wall tiles throughout the house rather than custom finishes in each space. Standardise door frames, sanitary fittings, lighting fixtures etc for bulk purchase discounts.
Install insulation features
Strategically place insulation, reflective paints and double-glazed windows to improve indoor temperature regulation. This reduces the need for extensive air-conditioning which cuts electrical costs.
Build in phases
For very large homes, build the basic structure first. Leave the finishing touches like bathrooms, kitchen, cabinetry etc to be done later in stages. This spreads cash outflow over time.
Act as project manager
Closely overseeing the construction progress lets you sometimes spot excessive material usage or man hours. Avoiding wastage optimises your building budget.
With prudent design considerations and material choices, building costs in Malaysia can be contained without compromising on safety and aesthetics. Strike a balance between needs and affordability.
What is the cost of building materials in Malaysia?
The cost of building materials is a major component that affects the total budget for house construction in Malaysia. Material costs would typically account for 50-60% of the total cost to build a residential property, depending on specifications.
Here is an overview of prevailing prices for key building materials in Malaysia:
- White cement – RM20 to RM25 per 50kg bag
- Ordinary Portland cement – RM17 to RM19 per 50kg bag
2. Ready Mix Concrete
- Normal mix – RM240 to RM280 per cubic meter
- High strength mix – RM320 to RM360 per cubic meter
3. Reinforcing Steel Bars
- 10mm deformed bars – RM2,200 to RM2,800 per tonne
- 12mm to 25mm deformed bars – RM2,400 to RM3,000 per tonne
- Common clay bricks – RM320 to RM420 per 1,000 bricks
- Concrete bricks – RM360 to RM500 per 1,000 bricks
- River sand – RM50 to RM80 per tonne
- Sea sand – RM70 to RM120 per tonne
- Coarse aggregates (20mm) – RM28 to RM38 per tonne
- Fine aggregates (5mm) – RM32 to RM42 per tonne
7. Steel Bar Cutting & Bending